Common Tree Fern
This fern grows as tall as a tree. It doesn't flower and when its leaves fall, they leave behind scale-like marks on the tree, so it is also known as the "snake tree" in Chinese.
The Aboriginals living in eastern Taiwan pass down the origin of history with words. Let’s go to the Common Free Fern to listen to his legendary stories about the tree.
Chinese Stripe-necked Turtle
This is the most common species of wild turtle in Taiwan. They live in hilly plains and swamps at lower altitudes and are active on lake banks with sand and mud sediments and in bushes near a water source.
Bamboo Water Pipes
Indigenous Taiwanese who live in the mountains use connected bamboo pipes, supported by Y-shaped hoists, to channel river or spring water.
Native to tropical regions, coconuts have a variety of uses. The traditional dress of Tao men, the coconut husk vest, is made from the fibers of coconut bark.
Stone Creek Trails
The stones in and next to streams were the first trails used by indigenous Taiwanese. The gentle streams are also the perfect environment for the Chinese stripe-necked turtle. On sunny days you can see many of them sunning themselves on the rocks.
The flying fish is an important food source for the Tao. March to June are the months for catching flying fish. During this time, a variety of ceremonies are held and there are many taboos that reflect the Tao's way of life while expressing their gratitude to the gods.
Of the genus tursiops (long jaw) these dolphins are active and curious and have the habit of following ships. Bottlenose dolphins can be found along the east coast of Taiwan.
Green Sea Turtle
Green sea turtles are named because their green fat. They are a protected species in Taiwan. They have been found to spawn on the beaches of Penghu, Taitung, Orchid Island and Hengchun Peninsula.
Subterranean Main House
Traditionally, the Tao dig foundations underground on sloped land and build the main house on top with only the roof exposed to avoid damage from typhoons. Building a house takes about two to three months.
The elevated platform is well-ventilated and cool. It is a place where tribe members chat, rest and enjoy the breeze.
The elevated storehouse keeps crops away from ground moisture and on top of the pillars there are "mouseproof boards" to keep rodents away. The design of the storehouse seen here belongs to the Tao.
Boat house is built by the Taos to store their boats. A place to house boats when not out on fishing expeditions. Wood scaffolding forms a triangular tent shape and is then covered with orange daylily grass.
The Tatala boat is curved like the moon and is assembled from many different pieces of wood. The patterns carved onto the boat's hull have the power to protect and can be used as markers to identify the owner.
Warriors Going Out to Sea to Fish
Depicts the adventures of warriors going out to sea to catch fish.
One of the many mangrove species growing in the intertidal zone and the wetlands of rivers and oceans. The pointy roots help plants breathe. The white mangrove protects against the tide and acts like a dike, protecting both soil and water, as well as providing animals with a habitat.
Commonly known as the "flower jumper" in Chinese, the mudskipper has muscular pelvic and pectoral fins. It has excellent flexibility and can both jump and walk on muddy land; the mudskipper can jump up to three times its body length horizontally and more than twice its body width vertically. It can also leave the water temporarily.
Northern Calling Fiddler Crab
Male crabs have one big claw and one small claw. They fight with the big claw and also use it for courtship. They use the small claw to eat. The male crab waving his big claw on the mudflats at low tide looks like the crab is trying to summon the tide, hence its Chinese name the "tide summoning crab".
Sand Bubbler Crab and Sand Pellets
Sand Bubbler Crab: The inside of the claws' ankle joints are brown and the crab has two side-by-side oval membranes on the inside of the claw's longer joint.
Sand Pellets: The sand bubbler crab feeds the sand through its mouth, sifting out any organic matter and regurgitating the rest of the sand and mud in the form of sand pellets.
Milky Fiddler Crab
The body is mainly white. The legs on the side of the male's smaller claw are reddish brown on the inside and white on the side of the larger claw. It is Taiwan's most numerous and most widely distributed crab.
This crab has a small body at only 0.5 to 1.0 cm. Male crabs have a cornute on top of their eyes. When waving its claws, the crab props up its body and holds both claws up high, then waves them. This movement resembles a Buddhist praying and this is where the crab gets its Chinese name.
Taiwanese pronunciation of the hamaguri is "ham-a". The clam lives in the sediment of shallow waters. Hamaguri take in and eject water using valves to breathe and feed.
Also called "spicy wine snails" in Chinese, the horn snail inhabits swamps or mudflats of mangrove forests. The snails climb on to mangrove tree trunks and traces of them can also be found on the ground of mudflats. When feeding, the horn snail extends its head to feed on organic matter.
The cockle, or blood cockle, gets its name from its red blood. This species of clam has very thick and large shells with more than a dozen thick ribs. The cockle is found in the muddy beaches of shallow seas.