Haystacks are a staple sight of traditional farming villages. These are shaped like mushrooms with an umbrella-like cover. Farmers collect the rice stalks together this way to prevent them from rotting due to rain. Sun dried rice stalks can be used as feed for cattle, fertilizer, fuel and building materials.
Water Wheels, Bamboo Water Pipes
Water wheels were used by early farmers to irrigate and divert water. Water from rivers and streams drive and rotate the blades and fill the bamboo tubes on the water wheel with water. When the tube reaches the apex, the water flows into the reservoir due to gravity.
'Dragon Bone' Water Wheel
This is an example of an early irrigation device. The water wheel received its name from the way the pieces of wood clasp together and resemble the human spine. A farmer would move the rotary shaft with his feet to drive the wood bands inside the tank and divert water from lower locations into the fields.
Wild cows were originally native to Taiwan, but the water buffalo was introduced in order to cultivate land. The water buffalo is an important cultural symbol of Taiwan, symbolizing the perseverance and diligence of the Taiwanese people.
The camphor tree is a commonly seen species at mid- and low-altitudes. Early Taiwanese sliced the tree bark into thin slices and distilled and refined these into camphor and camphor oil. These exports were important to Taiwan from the late Qing Dynasty to the Japanese colonial era.
Broad-tailed Swallowtail Butterfly
The forewings spread to a length of 10 to 15 cm; the butterfly gets its name from its wider tail. It is known as Taiwan's national butterfly but is becoming increasingly rare and has been listed as an endangered species.